Quality of care plays an important role in the treatment of back and spine pain in children and adolescents.
We offer specialized innovation and critical care for children and adolescents
In the past, back pain was considered uncommon in children and adolescents. However, recent reports suggest that this ailment is becoming more common in children. Also, the rate of children who complain of pains in their back increases with age. By the age of 15 years, 20 to 70 percent of children will report some pains in the spinal area. For most children who complain of this kind of pain, the cause does not stem from an underlying serious problem — especially in children under 5 years.
The most common cause of pain generated from the area of the spine seems to occur from a muscular strain, injury, or overuse. Additionally, true injuries probably cause a lower percentage of pain than simply kids playing hard. So, repetitive running, jumping, and conditioning can cause back pain, but a significant number of pediatric and adolescent patients with pain in their back are sedentary and without a known cause of pain. Scientists looking into the matter have said that a core muscle imbalance or weakness may contribute to some of the pain. On the other hand, less common causes include infection, tumor, trauma, or various deformities such as scoliosis (spinal curvature), kyphosis (round back), spondylolysis (defects or broken area of bone), and spondylolisthesis (slipping of one bone on another).
Back Pain Causes in Children
Back pain can occur at any age and at any location along the back or spine. Parents should consult with a pediatric orthopedic physician if your child reports severe or progressively worsening pain that lasts more than several days, or pain associated with other warning signs such as:
- Weight loss
- Night pain or pain at rest
- Trouble walking
- Numbness or decreased feeling in the leg or foot
- Pain that goes down one or both legs
- Bowel or bladder
- Walking problems
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
What causes Back Pain
Children with Back pain can come from various causes, including:
- Muscle Strain: Overexertion, lifting heavy objects, or sudden movements can strain muscles and ligaments in the back.
- Poor Posture: Prolonged sitting or standing with improper posture can lead to muscle imbalances and pain.
- Herniated Disc: When the soft center of a spinal disc pushes through a crack in its outer shell, it can irritate nearby nerves.
- Arthritis: Conditions like osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis can affect the spine’s joints.
- Spinal Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
- Injuries: Trauma from accidents, falls, or sports activities can cause back pain.
Schedule an Appointment with one of our doctors for your child’s back pain
The pediatric physicians at Medical City Children’s Orthopedic and Spine Specialists will start with a history and a physical exam. With back pain, it is important to see a pediatric orthopedic physician who is familiar with treating the spine and the pain emanating from this area in children. They will ask when the pain began if it started with a specific injury or activity, and if it is getting better or worse, where the pain is located, when does it seem worse, and if there are any other associated complaints such as fever, weight loss, pain going down the leg, or bowel or bladder changes.
During the physical examination, one of our pediatric physicians will observe or inspect your child, looking for spinal curves, posture, skin changes, walking ability, and symmetry and will palpate or feel each backbone to try to identify areas of pain. The doctor will ask your child to bend forward, backward, and to the sides. Our pediatric physician will check reflexes and sensation as well as move your child’s legs up and down looking for signs of pressure on the nerves exiting the spine and will perform further testing to find the cause of thee condition.
EOS Low Dose Radiation for X-Raying the Spine to Determine What is Causing Pain
After a thorough exam of your child, the doctor may order one of multiple imaging studies or tests. At Medical City Children’s Orthopedic and Spine Specialists, we may use an EOS machine where the radiation exposure is very low which is important when taking X-ray exams of children. Treatment of back pain depends on the underlying conditions. Because of the difficulty in finding the source of pain in up to half of children and adolescents, your doctor may recommend rest or therapy after the initial evaluation and X-ray.
Kyphosis is becoming more common in kids and adolescents
“Postural Kyphosis is a benign condition, but one that needs to be addressed before the curve can progress. This is caused by poor posture that causes the child to sit slumped forward. A lot of children today who are into playing video games or electronics often sit this way. Thankfully, this is something that can be corrected with exercises and by correcting the posture of the child.”
Shyam Kishan, MD
Muscular strain or overuse (acute or chronic)
This is the most common cause of pain near the spinal column in children and adolescents. Core muscle imbalance or weakness may contribute to the pain. Acute strains usually resolve after a period of rest or activity modification. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (ibuprofen or naproxen) and ice may help relieve acute symptoms by decreasing swelling. After 4-5 days, warm compresses may help relax muscles and decrease muscle spasm. A regular program of low impact walking with a goal of 30-45 minutes a day can help increase conditioning as initial pain improves. Hamstring stretching and abdominal strengthening can help relieve persistent pain occurring in the back. Many children and adolescents will benefit from a formal physical therapy program to teach them appropriate exercises.
Round back or kyphosis
This may result in back pains, typically in adolescents. For some, the round back is due to poor posture. Improvement can occur with with core exercises. For others, the spine actually contains structural changes that can progress and result in deformity. This condition, known as Scheuermann’s kyphosis, is characterized by a wedge-shaped vertebra that collapses anteriorly and results in a hunched or rounded appearance. Surgery may be indicated in severe cases.
Spondylolysis and Back Pain
This refers to a defect or stress fracture in the posterior spine that can cause low back pain. Activities that require twisting or hyperextension of the back (such as gymnastics, wrestling, diving, football, and hockey) may put increased stress in the low back resulting in trauma to the bone and eventual fracture. Pain is usually worse with back extension rather than bending forward. Tight hamstrings may pull on the pelvis resulting in flattening of the low back or difficulty taking long strides with walking or running. Taking a break from sports and doing exercises focused on hamstring stretching and core strength can help relieve tension in the low back and improve symptoms. A back brace can provide some relief. Surgery is reserved for those cases of severe pain that do not improve with non-operative treatment.
This refers to slipping of one vertebra forward with respect to the vertebra below and occurs most often in the lower, or lumbosacral, spine. Defects in the posterior spine allow for this slippage to occur. As the vertebra slips forward, it can injure spinal nerves. Often children/adolescents can participate in full sports with mild slips if the pain is minimal. If slips are severe or progressive, our doctors will recommend surgery.
This rarely occurs in adolescents, but it is possible during a forceful activity such as weightlifting. Unlike adults, children and adolescents possess growth plates on the ends of their vertebrae. That’s why it is important that children see a pediatric orthopedic physician who knows how to treat growth plates in children when it comes to spinal injuries. When the disk herniates or pushes back, the young disk may pull a fragment of this growing bone with it, and this can cause pressure on the nerves or spinal cord. When this occurs, our doctors will recommend surgery to remove the bone fragment.
Infection and Back Pain
An Infection can affect the vertebral bones or discs of the spine. The infection of the disk space, known as diskitis, tends to affect younger children. In addition to pain, a child with a spine infection may run a fever, low back stiffness, and refusal to walk or bend at the waist. Lab tests, our EOS X-ray machine, and/or MRI are useful in making the diagnosis. Treatment usually involves antibiotics.
Tumors although rare, can occur in the spine of children. Constant or progressively worsening pain, night pain, or pain associated with fever or weight loss should be evaluated by a doctor. Treatment depends on the type of tumor.
Why Choose Medical City Children’s Orthopedics and Spine Specialists
Orthopedics is a specialty of our doctors and surgeons at Medical City Children’s Orthopedics and Spine Specialists. They understand your concerns and can answer your questions regarding your child’s condition. Their excellence allows them to use their specialized knowledge and training to find a medical solution. Richard Hostin, MD, Shyam Kishan, MD, and Kathryn Wiesman, MD, specialize in children and are considered to be the very best by many children’s doctors.
Patients choose Medical City Children’s Orthopedics and Spine Specialists because of their excellence. Secondary reasons are as follows:
- Cutting-edge technology: Our practice uses the latest technology and techniques to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions. In addition, we use minimally invasive procedures that reduce pain and promote faster recovery.
- Comprehensive care: Our practice offers a full range of services, from diagnostic imaging and physical therapy to surgery. We ensure that patients receive complete, seamless care for their spinal conditions.
Our board-certified physicians and fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons use the full range of treatments to treat their patients. Medical City Children’s Orthopedics and Spine Specialists are medical experts with offices in Arlington, Dallas, Flower Mound, Frisco, and McKinney, TX, and offer cutting-edge technology, comprehensive care, and dedicated facilities to ensure the best possible care for their patients. Call today to make an appointment for your child.
Call 214-556-0590 to make an appointment.
Comprehensive services for children from birth through adolescence at five convenient locations: Arlington, Dallas, Flower Mound, Frisco and McKinney.